A stroke is the term used when a part of the brain is damaged because of a problem with blood flow. Stroke is one of the leading causes of death and disability in the world. Strokes can happen when:

  1. An artery going to the brain gets clogged or closes off, and part of the brain goes without blood for too long.    
  2. An artery breaks open and starts bleeding into or around the brain

The effects of a stroke can be different for each individual. Some people who have a stroke can lose important brain functions (speech, vision, sensations or strength). people who have a stroke have no lasting effects. Others can have no lasting effects.

Stroke Symptoms

Stroke symptoms can come on suddenly. “FAST” is an acronym used for each of the things you should watch for stroke symptoms and what to do about it: 

  • Face – Has the person’s mouth drooped or does their face appear uneven?
  • Arm – Does the person have weakness or numbness in one or both arms? Can they lift both arms?
  • Speech – Is their speech slurred or sound strange?
  • Time – Time is critical, if you notice any of these stroke signs, call for an ambulance . The sooner treatment begins, the better the chances of recovery.

Stroke Prevention

Not all strokes can be prevented, however, you can greatly lower your risk of having a stroke by:

  1. Taking medications as directed:
  • Blood pressure medicines
  • Cholesterol lowering medications (statins)
  • Blood thinners
  • Diabetes medications

2. Lifestyle changes:

  • Quit smoking
  • Exercise regularly (if your doctor says it’s safe)
  • Keep a moderate weight
  • Eat a healthy diet (rich in fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy products, and low in meats, sweets, and refined grains)
  • Eat less salt (sodium)
  • Limit alcohol use

Stroke Treatment

The right treatment depends on what kind of stroke you are having. You need to get to the hospital very quickly to figure this out. At the hospital, the doctors will do tests to confirm that you are having a stroke and figure out what type of stroke it is. This involves imaging tests such as a CT scan or MRI, which create pictures of the brain. People whose strokes are caused by clogged arteries can:

  • Get treatments that help reopen clogged arteries. These treatments can help you recover from the stroke.
  • Get medicines that prevent new blood clots. These medicines also help prevent future strokes.

People whose strokes are caused by bleeding can have treatments that might reduce the damage caused by bleeding in or around the brain, stop taking medicines that increase bleeding, or have surgery or a procedure to treat the blood vessel to prevent more bleeding (this is not always possible to do)

Neurologists help stroke victims by deciding on the best treatment options when they arrive at the hospital in the first few hours. They also follow up on these patients to complete the investigations to find out why the stroke happened and tailor the management appropriately as there can be treatment options in addition to the medications mentioned above. 

Neurological Services


At Clinical Neurology Services we have a range of specialised services and testing, including:

Have any Questions?


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