Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease that affects the central nervous system. It happens when the body’s infection-fighting system attacks and damages nerve cells and their connections in the brain and spinal cord.  

Different forms of MS:

  • Relapsing-remitting – The most common type of MS, characterised by symptoms that come and go. When symptoms flare up, it is called an “attack” or “relapse.” Attacks can last for days to weeks and usually get better slowly. In between attacks, people often feel pretty normal.
  • Secondary progressive – Symptoms begin to steadily get worse even when you are not having attacks.
  • Primary progressive – Symptoms steadily get worse from the beginning.

MS Symptoms:

No two people will have the same symptoms, most people with MS have only a few of these symptoms.

  • Numbness, tingling, or”pins and needles”
  • Muscle spasms or weakness
  • Vision problems, eye pain, and odd eye movements
  • Vertigo and dizziness, which can cause falls
  • Difficulty speaking or walking
  • Bowel or bladder control problems
  • Heat sensitivity , making symptoms worse

To see if you have MS, your doctor may order an MRI of your brain or your spinal cord. Additional tests include a lumbar puncture (or spinal tap), a test called “evoked potentials” or “evoked responses” – to look at the electrical signals in your brain and spinal cord. You might also need blood tests to check for diseases similar to MS. 

Treating MS

The treatment depends on what type of MS you have. There are different medicines for:

  • Treating attacks – Steriod medications may be percscribed by your doctor for MS attacks. They reduce the body’s autoimmune response, so they can shorten the length of an attack.
  • Preventing attacks – There are several different medicines for people who have MS attacks (relapsing-remitting MS). These medicines are called “disease-modifying therapy.” They reduce the chances that MS symptoms will flare up. But they do not cure the disease. In certain cases, disease-modifying therapy might also help some people with secondary progressive or primary progressive MS.

Talk to your doctor before you start trying to get pregnant. Certain MS medicines should not be used during pregnancy. 

The mean age of MS onset ranges from 28 to 31 years in various studies; clinical disease usually becomes apparent between the ages of 15 to 45 years. Dr Ghia has years of experience in the management of MS. We can organise the relevant tests and discuss the disease-modifying treatment when indicated. The appointments may be more frequent initially but usually required six monthly appointments long term depending upon the choice of the medications. 

Neurological Services


At Clinical Neurology Services we have a range of specialised services and testing, including:

Have any Questions?


To make an appointment or to discuss your results, please contact our helpful team by phone or email.

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